Maple (American)
Acer saccharum and A. nigrum (Aceraceae)

Acer saccharum and A. nigrum (Aceraceae) wood colour
Acer saccharum and A. nigrum (Aceraceae) wood grain

Moderately Durable


Price Rating:

Material Grade:

720 kg/m3

Typical Tree Height:

Trunk Diameter:

Length Ranges:

Width Ranges:


American Maple

The heartwood of Maple is a uniform pale reddish-brown or light tan, the sapwood is white with a reddish tinge. It has a typically straight grain, which can sometimes be wavy or curly. It has a fine, even texture. The distinctive Birdseye form has brownish dots on a whitish background. Other kinds of decorative figuring found in Maple can include fiddle back, leaf, blistered and burr.

At Wooduchoose we offer American Maple, or Maple for most of our products. We recommend as; Maple skirting board, Maple architrave, Maple cover fillets, Maple mouldings. There are however many other products that this wood can be used for.

Maple (American) on the wood database Further reading on Maple (American) timber:
If you would like to read a full profile specification on Maple (American) timber, please visit our sister site, Any One wood, The online wood reference database.

Material Type:

Also Called:
Rock Maple, White Maple, Sugar Maple, Black Maple, Hard Rock Maple, Black Sugar Maple

Durability Notes:
Although American (hard) Maple is more durable than some other maples, hard maple has little natural resistance to insects and fungi, and can be attacked by common furniture beetle. The sapwood is can be treated, but the heartwood is resistant.

The drying and seasoning of Maple (American) is dependant on a number of factors; the speed in which it is processed after felling and logging, the method of drying and the specific kilns or location (if air dried). Generally the care taken by those processing the wood will have an impact on its drying and seasoning. As an overview; Maple (American) - It dries fairly quickly, but fast drying can cause severe warping. Shrinkage is common and ring shake can occur. The wood is dimensionally stable in service. Please note that all wood is liable to move when in service plus there can be dimensional change. The extent of this will depend on; the stability of the species itself, the conditions it is exposed to, the coating, decoration and protection. You will find more information about the suitability of this wood, for any proposed application, by using our interactive system and the filters shown.

Maple has medium stiffness, is rated high in all other strength categories and has very good steam-bending qualities. The wood has a tolerable blunting effect and can be quite challenging to work with. Sawing and planning can present challengingy but the wood turns, drills, moulds well. Requires pre-drilling for nailing and screwing. Polishes, oils and stains to high quality finish.

Typical Uses:
Furniture, musical instruments and interior joinery. Because of its resistance or abrasion, hard maple is suitable for heavy-duty flooring, and is used for roller-skating rinks, dance floors, squash courts and bowling alleys. It is also used for butchers' blocks, rollers in the textile industry, sports goods, casks and woodenware. Select figured stock is peeled for bird's-eye figure, or sliced to make fiddle back, mottled, cutly or blistered veneers.

Spiritual Properties:
Maple bestows the spiritual lessons of change, communication, and even rebelliousness. Known as a traveller's wood, maple will have you adapting, learning and growing in many ways.

Moisture Content:
8-12% KD

Possible Health Risks:
Slight affects to breathing caused by dust.

Wood Worker's Thoughts:
Although a very hard timber, it finishes very well and sands to smooth, almost satin sheen.


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